By James Henry Breasted
Quantity three of "Ancient files of Egypt" opens at the chaotic aftermath of King Akhenaten's non secular revolution. Breasted chronicles the precarious reigns of Akhenaten's successors and the political and criminal reforms of King Horemheb, who succeeded to the throne after the passing of the final individuals of the royal family members. This quantity comprises the $64000 edict of Horemheb, meant to avoid the oppressive abuses attached with the gathering of taxes from the typical humans, and the inscriptions of Roy, excessive priest of Amon, displaying the 1st transmission from father to son of the place of work of the excessive priest. within the context of an extended heritage of mutilating and changing reliefs for political reasons, Breasted discusses the insertion right into a aid of the determine of Ramesses II that allows you to toughen his declare to the throne. This quantity additionally contains the treaty of alliance that sealed peace with the Hittites below Ramesses II; a sequence of records that checklist the invasion of Libyans and Mediterranean Sea humans throughout the reign of Merneptah; and, the nice Temple of Abu Simbel, the main impressive of the rock-cut temples of Egypt. this primary whole paperback version of Breasted's five-volume "Ancient files of Egypt" makes to be had to a brand new viewers a milestone in Egyptology and within the compilation of documentary histories. truly annotated for the lay reader, the records supply copious proof of alternate kinfolk, development actions, diplomatic envoys, international expeditions, and different points of a full of life, hugely prepared, and centrally managed society. Breasted's observation is either conscientiously documented and obtainable, suffused with a contagious fascination for the occasions, the personalities, the cultural practices, and the sophistication those files point out.
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Winckler, p. 285, No. 158, 11. 9-13). No. " dIn the imperial collection; published by Wiedemann, Proceedirtgs oi the Society of Biblical A r c h d o g y , X I , 425; and Bergrnann, Zeitschrift fiir agyptische Sprachr, X X V I I , 125-27. Neither publishes the reliefs, for which I had my own photopaph and collation of the original. , 38, 47. "$5 637 ff. .. 1 TOMB OF HARMHAB 7 an interesting parallel to the similar favor shown to Abraham and the kindred of Joseph. I I . These seven lines read : Asiatics; others have been placed in their abodes they have been destroyed, and their town laid waste, and fire has been thrown 3 Pthey have come to entreatq the Great in Strength to send his mighty sword before 4 .
INTRODUCTION: THE KING'S ZEAL FOR THE RELIEF OF THE PEOPLE (LL. 10-14) 50. His majesty took counsel with his heart %how he might11 II[exp]el evil and suppress lying. The plans of his majesty were an excellent r e f ~ g e ,repelling ~ violence behind -d [rand delivering the Egyptians from "*the oppressionsl] which were among them. g d rcame the scribe11 *30f his majesty. Then he seized palette and roll; he put it into writing according to all that his majesty, the king himself said. He spoke as follows: "[My majesty] commands Pconcerning all11 '4instances of oppression in the land.
And the - of Pharaoh w h i d contain vegetable^,^ (concerning whomc) one of any citizen (C nb) of the shall hear, saying: "They - for any '-Id army, or [any] people, [beginning with this day, the law shall be executed against themIe 35-- transgressing commands. ENACTMENTS TOO FRAGXENTARY FOR ANALYSIS (LL. 35-39, AND RIGHT SIDE, LL. I AND 2) XI. 60. The fragmentary condition of 11. 35-39 makes any coherent rendering impossible. contain, however, a new enactment of the greatest interest regarding taxation of grain, in which there is an apparent contrast between the property owners, or citizens of the city, and the poor, thus : he^ 61.
Ancient Records of Egypt: The Nineteenth dynasty by James Henry Breasted