By I. M. Destler
During this complete revision of the main influential, largely learn research of the USA alternate policymaking process, Destler addresses how globalization has reshaped alternate politics, weakening conventional protectionism yet intensifying challenge approximately trade’s societal affects. completely new chapters deal with the deepening of partisan divisions and the increase of “trade and . . .” matters (especially hard work and the environment). the writer concludes with a complete fiscal and political technique to focus on globalization and maximize its merits. the unique version of yankee alternate Politics gained the Gladys Kammerer Award of the yankee Political technological know-how organization for the easiest ebook on US nationwide coverage.
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Extra resources for American Trade Politics, Fourth Edition
John M. Dobson, Two Centuries of Tariffs: The Background and Emergence of the United States International Trade Commission (Washington, DC: US International Trade Commission, December 1976), 34. 3. Joseph M. , Tariff Retaliation: Repercussions of the Hawley-Smoot Bill (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1934), 1. 4 The Great Depression—already well under way in 1930—deepened and became truly global. World War II followed less than a decade later. Not as well remembered today is the fact that Smoot-Hawley was the last general tariff law ever enacted by the United States Congress.
If “voluntary” restraints were not achieved, Mills declared repeatedly, Congress would be forced to act. Mills was playing a game familiar to trade practitioners: hyping the “protectionist threat” from Congress so as to create pressure on foreign governments to come to terms and to render legislative action unnecessary. The administration, in turn, was supposed to talk about the threat of legislation but stop short of supporting it. However, President Richard M. Nixon broke this unwritten rule in June 1970 when, frustrated by Japan’s failure to carry through on high-level promises to come to terms, he “reluctantly” endorsed the statutory quota bill Mills had introduced.
And officials of the executive branch could do likewise. But in practice, the administrative remedies could not satisfy the largest trade-impacted industries. These industries wanted greater assurance of relief, and their political power gave them reason to believe they could do better by applying direct pressure at both ends of Pennsylvania Avenue. Deals for “Special Cases” International negotiations brought executive branch officials and export interests more effectively into trade politics; remedy procedures offered the injured a recourse other than going to Congress for new legislation.
American Trade Politics, Fourth Edition by I. M. Destler