By Gloria Emeagwali, Edward Shizha
This ebook is an highbrow trip into epistemology, pedagogy, physics, structure, medication and metallurgy. the focal point is on quite a few dimensions of African Indigenous wisdom (AIK) with an emphasis at the sciences, a space that has been ignored in AIK discourse. The authors offer varied perspectives and views on African indigenous clinical and technological wisdom that may profit a large spectrum of lecturers, students, scholars, improvement brokers, and coverage makers, in either governmental and non-governmental firms, and let serious and substitute analyses and percentages for realizing technological know-how and expertise in an African historic and modern context.
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Extra resources for African Indigenous Knowledge and the Sciences: Journeys into the Past and Present
For African students, the preconceived ideas they bring comprise of their everyday experiences as well as some strongly held beliefs or worldviews that have been passed on from generation to generation. When doing science they make sense of the new knowledge by relating it to what they already know, and if what they know does not correspond to the explanations given in school, they may find it hard to translate the new content into meaningful knowledge. Western and indigenous African physical sciences differ in ways that Jegede (1997) has illustrated in Table 1 below.
Cognitive presence showcases the exploration, construction, resolution and confirmation of students’ understanding of the content (Garrison cited in Shackelford & Maxwell, 2012). Social presence implies the ability of students to project themselves socially and emotionally through communication (Shackelford & Maxwell, 2012). Lave and Wenger (1991) coined the concept of ‘community of practice’ as they explored apprenticeship as a representation of situated learning. What this theory tries to communicate is that learning is a communal event in a social sense.
The next section focuses on traditional African science and Western science taught in school. INTERROGATING INDIGENOUS AFRICAN SCIENCE AND WESTERN SCIENCE Traditional African science refers to the processes and thinking patterns inherent in the way Africans make sense of their world (Jegede, 1997). This has also been referred to as African worldviews or African ways of knowing. What justifies the traditional African ways of making sense of their world as a science is the fact that it involves observation of phenomena, identifying patterns and finding explanations 37 Y.
African Indigenous Knowledge and the Sciences: Journeys into the Past and Present by Gloria Emeagwali, Edward Shizha