Read e-book online A Zeptospace Odyssey, A Journey Into The Physics Of The LHC PDF

By Gian Francesco Giudice

This e-book offers an easy and comprehensible advisor for appreciating the discoveries which are approximately to happen on the huge Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, the world's greatest particle accelerator. A CERN physicist leads the lay reader into the area of particle physics, from the outstanding technological concepts that have been essential to construct the LHC, during the speculative theories invented to explain the last word legislation governing the universe. the result's a unprecedented trip contained in the cloth of subject, a thrilling experience inside of an odd and bewildering area, in which you could enjoy the size of the highbrow revolution that's approximately to take place. Does the mysterious Higgs boson exist? Does house conceal supersymmetry or expand into additional dimensions? How can colliding protons on the LHC free up the secrets and techniques of the beginning of our universe? those questions are all framed after which addressed by way of knowledgeable within the box. whereas making no compromises in accuracy, this state of the art fabric is gifted in a pleasant, available kind. The book's objective isn't just to notify, yet to provide the reader the physicist's experience of awe and pleasure, as we stand on the point of a brand new period in figuring out the area during which all of us live.

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Extra info for A Zeptospace Odyssey, A Journey Into The Physics Of The LHC

Example text

A computer network system has been set up to facilitate communication between offices. This network system is a global entity covering the whole world. However, the actual communication occurs through single email messages sent from one office to another. Many email messages are continuously exchanged through the network system. So the global activity of the company is ultimately determined by individual email messages, though in very large numbers. In this metaphor the branch offices are the various electric charges distributed in space, and the computer network is the electromagnetic field, superintending the behaviour of the system and communicating the force.

Calm is restored, but not for long. New accusations fly, these turn to insults, and finally the game becomes more violent. Leaving snowballs aside, the two brothers hurl against each other some sandbags that were found nearby. The sandbags, much heavier than snowballs, cannot be thrown very far. The repulsive force exerted by the sandbags hitting the mischievous boys is very effective, but it acts only at relatively small distances. The heavier the exchanged object, the shorter is the range of the force.

Instead, the weak force has the property of transforming particles. In the process of exerting a weak force, the particle itself gets transformed. In particular, in beta radioactivity, a neutron that emits an electron–neutrino pair changes its identity and becomes a different particle – a proton. The second difference lies in the range at which the force can act. An electric charge exerts a force even at very large distances, and that is why electromagnetism can produce macroscopic phenomena in our world.

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A Zeptospace Odyssey, A Journey Into The Physics Of The LHC by Gian Francesco Giudice

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