By Juan Maria Songel
One of many 20th century's most crucial layout visionaries, German architect and structural engineer Frei Otto(b. 1925) made his mark with a chain of super-light tensile structures—such because the West German Pavilion for Montreal's Expo sixty seven and the Olympic Stadium in Munich (1972)—that are celebrated for his or her technical ingenuity and fabric potency. but regardless of Otto's achievements, really little has been released on his paintings. A dialog with Frei Otto incorporates a accomplished interview with Otto in addition to his serious textual content Fundamentals of a destiny Architecture in its entirety. In his dialog with Juan María Songel, Otto talks freely approximately every thing from his early connections to the Bauhaus to his suggestions at the present country of engineering and structure. the newest in our Conversations sequence, this publication additionally comprises pictures of Otto's most vital and recognized works.
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Extra info for A Conversation with Frei Otto
If, for example, you have a model of the same form and material, and you apply loads in the same way, its deformations are linear with respect to the real building. This is the fundamental condition. The point is to only verify if the model fulfills this condition. The models necessary to obtain this condition are frequently very expensive. If concrete is concerned, it is very difficult, because concrete can’t be reduced in size so easily, and all of the model’s components must be reduced in size.
In fact, everything is created in our brain, a computer that is much more efficient and can do better combinations, although inexactly and imprecisely and frequently slowly, but it’s capable of doing it. Those who only trust calculations done on the computer are the foolish ones in our profession. I must add that since 1965 all of my buildings have been calculated with the computer. This is only natural and does not need to be questioned, because it’s common practice today. The relevancy of trials with models in the search for form also relates to teaching objectives, as a didactic tool.
They collapse despite being intact. In the case of tensions this isn’t important, as the building is balanced until it returns to being stable; in the area of compressions, when the building buckles, it suddenly collapses. This sudden collapse is very dangerous and, although I lack detailed information and only know what has been said in the press and on television, the last two big accidents in France and Moscow concerned glazed grid shells, with an undoubtedly inadequate form. They weren’t shells without bending stresses; if they exceed a certain deformation, they become unstable.
A Conversation with Frei Otto by Juan Maria Songel